Green transition in construction
The objectives of PAKK in the area of green transition are directly applicable and presumably will also form a basis for legislation, that is, in keeping with the governance and environment criteria of the Davos Declaration. On the international level, the need for green transition in the building culture is described by both “European Green Deal” and “New European Bauhaus” prioritising the principle of environmental sustainability in built environments.Carbon neutrality and lifecycle analysis
PAKK deals with the calculation of the lifecycle of prefab houses built primarily of biogenic materials and the optimisation of the carbon footprint of buildings. We see that prefabrication allows to significantly reduce the impact of construction on natural environment, however, so far there has been little respective research.
The modular approach to construction stemming from prefabrication forms the basis for the circular economy construction practise where the standardised building elements and modules can be continually disassembled and reassembled. The development of circular economy platforms (prototyping on the scale of buildings and neighbourhoods) is one of the aims of PAKK.
Digitalisation of industry and construction
The digitalisation of construction is primarily related to economic criteria while also constituting a prerequisite for all other criteria of high-quality building culture. Digitalisation is one way to make the design, prefabrication as well as the work on the site more effective and thus also more environmentally sustainable. Furthermore, the development of industrial technologies allows to move closer to waste-free solutions, not to mention the innovation of products. The current need for the given developments is also confirmed by international strategies as well as local strategy documents such as “The long-term view of construction 2035” and “Industrial Policy Green Book”.
PAKK researches and develops digital technologies for designing buildings with a small carbon footprint and combining the design with production. The research topics include technologies integrated for design and the algorithmic design of modular solutions.
New methods for designing
Contemporary timber architecture forms the basis of environmental-friendly and sustainable construction. Adaptability and customisation play an important role in ensuring sustainability and resilience. In order to achieve the given goal, it is important to establish effective, standardised, mass-produced systems that are also sufficiently flexible to allow the creation of human-scale spaces that blend in with the context and carry the local identity.
PAKK researches and explores mass-customisation in the context of construction and urban design by developing mass-produced systems on the element and module level with the aim of constructing mass-customisable buildings.
The implementation of platforms allows to make the design and construction process more effective, cost-effective and sustainable. Mustermaja 369 (Pattern Building) is an open platform for design and manufacturing, while the sLender house provides a solution for a multi-storey CLT standard building. In addition to ethical consideration, we also suggest customised aesthetic solutions fitting the local context.